22 de desembre, 2008

21. Estructura agrícola als Països Baixos

Si, ja entenc que el títol és poc engrescador, però la tafaneria malsana m'arrossega a acumular dades i mes dades. Si no faig un 'overflow' en vida, tindré una eternitat per repensar-ho el dia que entri en mode 'shutdown' definitiu.



Gràcies a les oficines de l'Eurostat i la seva legió de buròcrates i estadístics tenim [ Farm Structure in the Netherlands] que explica:


"76 700 agricultural holdings were recorded in the Netherlands in the 2007 Farm Structure Survey (6% less than in 2005).

This drop is accompanied by a decrease in the utilised agricultural area (-2%). There is a decline in the number of small farms together with an increase in the number of large ones
. "





"In the Netherlands, all the surveyed farms are larger than the European Size Unit (ESU) and cover about 99% of the total of the Standard Gross Margin (SGM) of the country's agricultural activities.

They use about 1.91 million ha of utilised agricultural area (UAA), a decrease of 2% compared with 2005; this represents an average of 25 ha per holding (compared with 24 ha in 2005);
"

Si mirem la distribució de la ocupació tenim que :








" These holdings employed 165 100 AWUs (annual work units), the equivalent of 165 100 people working full time; (5% less than 2005). The average area per AWU is 12.7 ha (more 0.5 ha than in 2005);


They had 6.4 million livestock units (LSU) in 2007, slightly more (0.4%) than in 2005. The average number of livestock units per holding rose from 78 to 84 in the Netherlands.

Amongst these 76 700 agricultural holdings:

24% made use of less than one AWU, while another 34% made use of 2 or more AWUs;

  • 14% used less than 2 ha, while 15% used 50 ha or more;
  • 59 % of Dutch farms specialise in livestock;
  • 25% of the holdings specialised in dairy farming;
  • 23% specialised in sheep, goats and other grazing livestock;
  • 13% of the holdings were engaged in general field cropping.



Amongst the sole holders:


  • 5% were women in 2007 (less 2% than in 2005);
  • 44% were aged 55 or more and 4% were younger than 35 years;
  • 27% of the sole holders had another gainful activity in 2007 (compared with 24% in 2005);


In the Netherlands in 2007, 59% of the agricultural area was farmed by its owners.

The family labour force has decreased by 8% from 2005 to 2007.

The irrigated area increased 117% from 2005 to 2007. The percentage of irrigated land is in 2007 10.6% of the UAA, compared to 5.8% in 2005. The number of farms that used irrigation on their crops at least once a year also doubled, and represent 19% of the total number of agricultural holdings (compared with 11% in the 2005 survey).
The total SGM for the Netherlands in 2007 was 8.5 million ESU.
"




Fotografia Robert Saunders


D'això m'he fixa't en que només un 5% de les propietats estan en mans de dones (recordeu la entrada de fa uns dies sobre Letònia) i el fet que gairebe un terç dels agricultors necessitin fer també altres feines remunerades.

Aviat el gruix d'europeus serem 'esclaus tecnologicament avançats', sense grillets però esclaus. Que carai !



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