13 de març, 2009

World Development Indicators 2008

Avui una entrada en 'versió original' que ens hauria de fer repensar. Que dimonis volem deixar als nostres fills ?

Picture Carla Bordes

- S'ha actualitzat de 1,08$ fins 1,25 $ diaris el límit per considerar pobressa extrema
- En els darrers 15 anys la pobressa ha minvat a raó d'un 1%
- El 2015 assolirem els "Objectius de desenvolupament del mil·lenni".
- Es mantenen però enormes diferències entre regions.

This supplement to World Development Indicators 2008 provides estimates of global poverty that are the first re-evaluation of the World Bank’s “$1 a day” poverty line since 1999.

The international poverty line has been recalibrated at $1.25 a day, using new data on purchasing power parities (PPPs), compiled by the International Comparison Program, and an expanded set of household income and expenditure surveys.

New measurements of the extent and depth of poverty are presented here for 115 developing countries, along with poverty measurements based on their national poverty lines.

The $1.25 a day poverty line measured in 2005 prices replaces the $1.08 a day poverty line measured in 1993 prices.

Often described as “$1 a day,” $1.08 has been widely accepted as the international standard for extreme poverty and was incorporated in the first of the Millennium Development Goals.

That goal calls for eradicating extreme poverty and sets a target of halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day.

The new poverty line maintains the same standard for extreme poverty—the poverty line typical of the poorest countries in the world—but updates it using the latest information on the cost of living in developing countries.

The new data change our view of poverty in the world.

There are more poor people—extremely poor people—and the incidence of poverty reaches farther into middle-income countries.

Previous rounds of the International Comparison Program underestimated average price levels in developing countries (perhaps by not fully adjusting for quality differences) and thus overestimated standards of living.

By the new measurements 1.4 billion people are living in extreme poverty—more than one-quarter of the population of developing countries. But countries and regions that have reduced their poverty rates are no less successful by the new measurements.

In 1990, at the beginning of the period tracked by the Millennium Development Goals, 42 percent of the people in developing countries lived on less than $1.25 a day.

Over 15 years global poverty fell by an average of 1 percentage point a year. At that rate the target set by the Millennium Development Goals will be surpassed at the global level and in East Asia, where poverty rates have fallen fastest, by 2015.

But large differences remain between regions, across countries in the same region, and even within countries.

The data presented here allow us to see where some of those differences occur and point the way toward a world free from the most extreme poverty.

Aliorum iudicio permulta nobis et facienda et non facienda et mutanda et corrigenda sunt.

Segons el parer d'altri, gran quantitat de coses s'han de fer, s'han d'ometre, canviar i corregir per nosaltres,. Marc Tuli Ciceró

Píndola amb esperança

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